What is Conservation?
Conservation is the protection of the natural environment and wildlife. Conservation is not only the preservation of current states of nature, it can also be the restoration to previous states which have been damaged.
A good example: There is an endangered animal with dwindling numbers. However, 10 years ago, these animals were much more numerous. Conservation efforts could be trying to maintain the current numbers of the species, preventing the species numbers from falling further. Or the conservation efforts could be to return that species to a greater abundance from a past time.
Why is Conservation Important?
This is very difficult to answer in a brief manner, but the quick answer is that there are many reasons why conservation is important.
Here are a few for now:
It can be important to conserve plants, as we need them to produce oxygen.
It can be important to conserve riparian zone (river-edge) plants, as the roots of these plants may stop the erosion of river banks, and may increase the water quality.
It can be important to preserve plants because they may provide food for some animals.
It is important to conserve the quality of our air, so that the climate doesn’t change too quickly for organisms to adapt.
It is important to conserve the quality of our water so that it is acceptable for many organisms to drink and for many organisms to live in.
It can be important to conserve animals because some animals allow for the dispersal of seeds. Without them plants may become less abundant.
It can be important to conserve animals, as they may be needed to control other animals that would become too numerous and cause damage if their predator is removed.
It can be important to conserve animals for their droppings which add nutrients to the soil.
It can also be important to conserve nature so that we may enjoy its natural beauty.
These are just a few reasons and there are many more which I’m sure will arise in future posts!