What is an Endemic Species?
When something is endemic it is restricted to, or only found inside, a certain area. These areas can be entire countries, or small areas of only a few square kilometers.
An Example of an Endemic Species:
The fossa is a carnivorous mammal that can only be found in the wild in Madagascar. Thus, the species is considered as being endemic to Madagascar.
How Does Endemism Relate to Conservation?
Edemism and endemic species are often mentioned relating to conservation. When a species is only found in a certain area it can mean that if something happens to that area, resulting in population decline, there are no separate populations in another area to maintain species numbers. If a threatened animal, or a collection of threatened animals are endemic to a very small area (substantially smaller than a country), then this land may have a high value for conservation use.